Present perfect until now …

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Present perfect until now …
About life experience until now …

1/ I went to NYC three times last year (it’s finished)
2/ I’ve been to NYC three times this year (the year is not finished).
In sentence 1/, it’s about last year. It’s the past, we don’t use the present perfect.
In sentence 2/, it’s about this year, not finished, so we use the present perfect.

Remember :
It’s the past?

With « yesterday », « last week », « last year », we use the preterit.
It start in the past?
With « since + yesterday / last week / last year », we use the present perfect.
I’ve been here since this morning.
She’s worked here for 2 years.