Present Perfect, Past and Past Perfect : Review

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Present Perfect, Past and Past Perfect : REVIEW

Present Perfect Simple: we look back from the present to the past.
I’ve broken my watch so I don’t know what time it is.

She hasn’t arrived yet.
We’ve been to London a lot over the last few years.
Have you ever been to Los Angeles?

Present Perfect Continuous: about actions that started in the past,
continued until recently, or that continue into the future.
You look tired. Have you been sleeping properly?

I’ve been waiting for him for 30 minutes and he still hasn’t arrived.
He’s been phoning me all week for an answer.

Past Simple: about actions/states completed in the past.
I left school when I was sixteen.

I was very happy then.
He told me all about his childhood.

Past Continuous: about past events which went on for a period of time.
While I was driving home, Peter was trying desperately to contact me.

I was thinking about him last night.
I was walking in the street when I suddenly fell over.

Past Perfect Simple: we look back from a point in the past to further in the past.
I hadn’t known the bad news when I spoke to him.

I thought we had already decided on a name for this product.

Past Perfect Continuous: we look back at a situation in progress.
We had been thinking about buying a new house but then we decided to stay here.

It had been snowing for a while before we left.
She said she had been trying to call me all day.