Singular and plural nouns, irregular forms, family name.
I’ve a car and two bikes.
Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.
Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:
a book; a teacher; a wish; an idea …
Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:
books; teachers; wishes; ideas …
Singular count nouns:
Singular count nouns cannot be used alone.
They must have a determiner: a/an, the, that, my …
a book; that English teacher; the wish; my car,
Plural forms: You want to make a plural noun?
We usually make it with the « -s » form: (plural in -s):
We usually add -s to the singular noun:
book > books; school > schools; friend > friends.
Add -es to nouns ending in –ss, -ch, -s, -sh, -x (plural in -es):
class > classes; watch > watches; gas > gases; wish > wishes; box > boxes.
Add -ies to nouns ending in a consonant + -y: (plural in -ies):
country > countries; lady > ladies; party > parties.
Add -s to nouns ending in a vowel + -y: (plural in -s):
boy > boys; day > days; play > plays.
Irregular plurals: Some common nouns have irregular plurals:
a man > two men; a woman > two women; a child > some children;
a goose > lots of geese; a mouse > several mice;
a foot > two feet; a tooth > your teeth;
person > people
Plural count nouns without a determiner:
When they refer to people/ things as a group, don’t have a determiner:
Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?
Plural form with Family Names:
we add -s: Shall we invite the Pitts?
Object with « A pair of … »:
« A pair of » cisors, glasses,
« A pair of » jeans, trousers,
- 106: Nouns: Singular, Plural forms
- 107: Uncount Nouns: Plural form, expressions with uncount nouns
- 108: Nouns: usual difficulties with english nouns
- 110: Proper nouns