Future in english with I’m going to

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Future in english with I’m going to …
The future with « I’m going to »

The future in english is not only with « will ».
And sometimes, we use « will » in a present situation.

Here, we’re going to see the english future tense with I’m going to.
It’s the most form used in spoken English.

1/ You want to talk about a plan for the future: (it’s decided, but not yet arranged).
It’s decided: I’ve already decided to do it, I intend to do it …

But not arranged yet: I don’t know when I’m going to do it.
=> it’s decided, but not yet arranged.

I’m going to do it.
I’m going to call my parents.
I’m going to visit him to the hospital.
I’m going to clean my room.

Note the difference with « I’m doing ». (present continuous form).
with the present continuous form, you have decided it, and you’ve arranged it!
I’m cleaning my room. (you’re doing it now!)
I’m going to clean my room. (it’s my decision, but when? one day …).

2/ You want to talk about a prediction based on evidence: (now)
Look at the clouds: it’s going to rain soon! Take your umbrella!

I’m cold, I think I’m going to be sick.
Sales are really bad, we’re going to lose money this month.
You look sick, you’re going to the doctor soon.

3/ You want to talk about a prediction for the future (not necessary a near future):
If you drive on the right side in England, you’re going to have an accident.

In 2 years, I’m going to be the boss of my own business.
In 10 years, I’m going to live in London.

4/ With the verb « to go », you can replace « going to go » by « going ».
I’m going out tonight.

I’m going to the museum this week end.

5/ « was going to do something » when you wanted to do something, but you didn’t.
I was going to call her when the phone rang.

maybe you changed your mind:
I was going to travel by plane, but I decided to go there by train. It’s cheaper.

maybe it didn’t happen:
I thought she was going to call me back (but she didn’t).